Early Years

Early Years

Teaching and Learning in the Early Years

The Foundation Stage is a discreet phase of primary education covering Nursery and Reception. Both classes follow the same curriculum, as set out in the Early Years Foundation Stage framework.


Teaching and learning in the Foundation Stage follows the seven areas of learning. These are divided into prime and specific areas. Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:

  • Communication and Language;
  • Physical Development; and
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development.


The prime areas will help them develop skills in the 4 specific areas. These are:

  • Literacy;
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World; and
  • Expressive Arts and Design.


The Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum underpins all the child’s future learning and the Early Learning Goals set out a clear progression of skills and knowledge for each area of learning. Teaching and learning with very young children is based on practical experiences and activities with a great emphasis on the development of speaking, listening and social skills. We firmly believe that the way young children learn best is through carefully structured and self-initiated play. This belief is integral to the delivery of the curriculum in the Foundation Stage.


Children in the Foundation Stage have access to a separate play area. This outdoor space provides children with the opportunity to extend and develop their learning in a different environment.


At the end of the EYFS – in the summer term of the Reception year in school – teachers complete an assessment which is known as the Early Years Foundation Stage Profile. This assessment is carried out by the Reception teacher and is based on what they, and other staff caring for your child, have observed over a period of time. The children are assessed against each of the areas of learning using the Early Learning Goals. This is reported to parents within a written report. Mrs Khan is the Foundation Stage Team Leader; she is happy to discuss any queries or concerns which you may have about Foundation Stage.